A large supply of clean water is available from an aquafer 300 ft below the ground level through volcanic rock; meaning that a mechanically drilled well is needed. Each well drilled is equipped with a basic manually operated hand pump. It provides reliable year-round clean water for approximately 400 people. The cost of drilling, testing, permitting a well is approximately $25,000.
To ensure sustainability, a well committee of local individuals is formed for each well. This group is trained on the operation, maintenance, and repair of the pump prior to SOHI turning it over to the community. The well committee monitors the use of the well and charges a very small amount of money for water taken. This money is accumulated such that within 3 year’s time, enough has been saved to afford purchase of a rebuild/repair kit for the pump. Thus, the people using the well can keep it in good operating condition without continual assistance from outside sources (aka, it’s sustainable). It should be noted that no one is refused water from a SOHI drilled well; if a family cannot afford the small use charge, they are allowed to work for the water taken.